SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cassia spp
COMMON NAME(S): Shower tree, Senna, Shower, Candle-bush, cure-all, Ringworm cassia, Christmas senna, Partridge-pea, Golden shower, Indian labornum, Midas tree, Pudding pipe tree, Purging cassia, Shower-of-gold, Sweet bark, American senna, Locust plant, Maryland senna, Wild senna, Coffee-pod, Sicklepod, Coffee senna, Coffee-weed, Florida-coffee, Styptic-weed, Wild-coffee, Kassod tree, Siamese shower, Siamese senna
FAMILY: Leguminosae - Pea family
ALLERGENIC PRINCIPLES: Anthraquinones
ALLERGENIC PROPERTIES: Dermatological
COMMENTS: Used medicinally as a cathartic. A member of the species found in the United States possess the same or similar active principle and if ingested in some quantity may cause distress and occassionally death in animals. Species include: C. alata = Senna alata (Candle-bush, Cure-all, Ringworm cassia) - Leaves used as application for skin diseases, a fish poison, a purgative. Toxic in large quantities. C. bicapsularis = Senna bicapsularis (Christmas senna) - Used as a purgative. Toxic in large amounts if ingested. Nectar toxic to bees. C. fasciculata = Chamaecrista fasciculata (Partridge-pea) - Used as a purgative. Large amounts toxic if ingested. Toxic to animals, green, in hay or by its seeds. C. fistula (Golden shower, Indian laburnum, Midas tree, Pudding pipe tree, Purging cassia, Shower-of-gold, Sweet-bark) - Used as a purgative. Overdoses cause abdominal pain, diarrhea, kidney damage, dark or red urine. C. lindheimeriana = Senna lindheimeriana - Toxic but not fatally to sheep. C. marylandica also spelled marilandica (America senna, Locust plant, Maryland cassia, Wild senna) - Leaves used as a purgative. Roots for fever and sores. Toxic if ingested in large amounts. C. obtusifolia = Senna obtusifolia (Coffee-pod, Sicklepod) - Used as a laxative and application for skin diseases. Toxic if ingested in large amounts. Seeds toxic to quail. C. occidentalis = Senna occidentalis ( Coffee senna, Coffee-weed, Florida-coffee, Styptic-weed, Wild-coffee) - Roasted seeds used medicinally. Tea from leaves used externally for skin diseases, internally for laxative. Toxic to livestock. C. siamea = Senna siamea (Kassod tree, Siamese shower, Siamese senna) - Used as a purgative. Toxic if ingested in large quantities. Caused death in livestock. Contact with bark may cause skin and eye irritation.