SCIENTIFIC NAME: Magnolia grandiflora
COMMON NAME(S): Southern magnolia.
FAMILY: MAGNOLIACEAE - Magnolia family
ORIGIN: Southeastern United States
HABITAT: Hardwood forests, cultivated landscapes
CHARACTERISTICS: Bark brown or gray; young branches with rust-colored hairs
LEAVES: Alternate, elliptic, 6-10" long, 2-4" wide, stiff and leathery; dark, glossy green above, sometimes with rust-colored hairs on underside
FLOWERS: Large, showy, round, 6" or more wide, white, very fragrant
FLOWERING SEASON: Summer
FRUITS: Aggregates of 1-seeded capsule-like structures on a cone-like receptacle; seeds with a fleshy, red or orange-red coat
ALLERGENIC PRINCIPLES: Possibly lactones
ALLERGENIC PROPERTIES: Dermatological
COMMENTS: The sap of this native tree has caused skin irritation to some individuals. The pollen also causes respiratory allergies.