SCIENTIFIC NAME: Nicotiana
COMMON NAME(S): Tobacco
FAMILY: SOLANACEAE - Tomato or Nightshade family
ORIGIN: American tropics, about 65 spp.
HABITAT: Flower gardens, cultivated farm fields
CHARACTERISTICS: Stems hairy
LEAVES: Alternate, simple, generally large, the upper leaves on the stem smaller
FLOWERS: Showy in garden varieties, funnel-shaped or tubular, sometimes fragrant, white, pink, red
FLOWERING SEASON: Summer
ALLERGENIC PRINCIPLES: Nicotine and other alkaloids
ALLERGENIC PROPERTIES: Dermatological
COMMENTS: N. tabacum L. is well known for its addictive and deleterious effects when smoked or chewed, but the juice of all species can cause an irritating dermatitis.